GemStone Beads – Origin, Properties, Uses and Folklore
Amazonite gemstone is
extracted from a triclinic compound which is categorized under a
general category of mineral salts known as ‘feldspar’. Belonging
to a class of crystals which are composed of Silicon; these silicates
constitute mainly of Aluminum and Potassium. Bearing a tenacity of
around 6-6.5 on the Moh’s Scale, the mineral ‘Microcline’ is
fabricated to produce a particular gemstone known as ‘Amazonite’.
Though the mineral salt is opaque, white and translucent in its
shades; Amazonite maintains either dark green or a light blue color
which is induced due to the presence of OH-1 and Lead contaminants.
‘Amazonite’ has substantially been named after the river ‘Amazon’
however its discovery certainly doesn’t lie within those lands. It
was recently unearthed from the Illmen Mountains, which is a 50 mile
crag laying in the southwestern region of Chelyabinsk in Russia.
Apart from this region, the United States is another site where high
quality mineral salts are extracted from. It is in Colorado where
most deposits occur, chiefly the places being Crystal Peak, Pike’s
Peak and El Paso. Brazil also happens to be another domicile for the
extraction sites for the gemstone. Leaving aside the chief sources
which are profound for the gemstone productivity; Zimbabwe,
Australia, Namibia etc are the remaining sites for its extraction.
The gemstone is a triclinic compound in which oxide composition of
Potassium, Aluminum and Silicon are respectively around 16.9%, 18.4%
& 64.7%. The gemstone is mined from its original mineral which is
‘feldspar’ and is polished to produce a ‘cabochon’. The stone
is specifically recognizable by its light bluish tints, or sometimes
it may also be a soft olive green however the translucent shine which
appears from its surface is due to the phenomenon of inclusions
within the crystal, an interference of the rays due to the structural
deformities of the crystal.
It has a ‘conchoidal’
geometric arrangement with a specific gravity which ranges about
2.56-2.57. It is regarded as a soft stone which comprises of a
refractive index which is calculated to being 1.53. The stone is
grounded from its source mineral which is typically found under
plutonic rocks or granite composites.
‘Amazonite’ due to its unique colors and also since it’s
extremely rare to find, is regarded as a semi-precious stone which is
marketed all over the world for the sake of being a jewel asset.
Though its deposits are sporadic, the stone has become widespread in
the market for not only being a fine gemstone but also holds an
astrological significance in its occurrence. Used in necklaces as a
form of a pendent; it makes a profitable ornamental piece which is
sold at an expanse in the market.
The stone has been distinguished into a December gem; which is meant
for the zodiac ‘Virgo’. Said to increase an individual’s
creative and intellectual quotient and boosts self esteem into the
wearer. It is also regarded as a stone of peace; where it soothes
unsettled senses and motivates self confidence in a person. Legends
claim the stone to be a descendent of the warrior clans of Egypt.
Hence holds a heavy significance.
Gemstone Beads - History, Properties, Folklore and Healing Properties
The Neolithic stone,
Amber, which is basically found in the form of a fossil particularly
a tree resin and has been classified under five specific categories
on the basis of the chemical components found in quality and
quantity. It has been named on the basis of source and constituents,
for example amber fossils found in New Zealand coal mines are
referred to as ‘Ambrite’ otherwise it is usually called
Considerably around 1400 circa, amber was extracted from fossilized
tree resins. Amber is naturally denser than stone and was first used
by the Europeans for jewelry and perfume fabrication. The most
rampant physics subject related to ‘Static Electricity’
associates with Amber, the stone, was the first substance used for
experiments where it was the initiator for attractive forces.
The stone has many
chronological events attached with its existence especially the heavy
trade commenced from the Baltic Sea across the Amber Road, and has
been found as a produce which was traded 2000 years ago.
At present the unearthing
of the stone has been found to be significant on a global scale.
Being a fossilized version of tree resin, Prussia leads in the mining
of the stone. Maximum deposits occur in the Baltic Sea, along the
region of Kaliningrad Oblast located in Russia.
Chemical Properties: The gemstone is
normally found under blue earth accretions which are extracted using
belt pelting from which the crust normally is removed either by
erosion or by using sand and water mixture. It is a non uniform dreg
which is composed of resinous associates that can dissolve in alcohol
or ether. It constitutes some major carboxylic acids which are
communic, cummunol and bioformene acid. Hence is made up of alkenes
which after undergoing heavy pressure and high temperature converts
the resin into copal and then readily once the terpenes wash off,
Amber fossils are formed.
Often impurities are found
within the substance hence making the material usable only for
varnishes, thus the amber which isn’t pure is known as ‘firrness’.
Blue Amber is when pyrites mixed with resin are formed. Bony Amber
is another sort which contains bubbles within its concentration which
gives it an opaque translucence.
The most common color for
Amber gemstone beads is deep yellow to dark red, green and most
infrequent blue amber which is also known as Dominique Amber. Baltic
Amber is another category which is common amongst the finds. Amber
can also be artificially produced hence to know the difference
between natural and manmade; make a saturated solution of salt and
water. Once you find the amber floating, it isn’t natural otherwise
it is amber in case it floats though sometimes ‘copals’ are found
to be dense.
Legends: Love, passion and strength are
the basic symbols related to the Amber gemstone beads, apart from
soothing hyperactive individuals the stone is also used to calm
stressed nerves. Legends technically pronounce the stone to be a
magical stone though it’s healing and medicinal properties i.e.
rejuvenating energy within an individual and increasing physical
potency have made it quite popular amongst the masses.
Summary: This article
illustrates history, properties, folklore and healing properties of
Amber gemstone beads. Amber gemstone is believed to provide
rejuvenating energy to the wearer.
Gemstone Beads: History, Features, Folklore and Healing Properties
The priests wore, the
Egyptians treasured it; this is regarding the birthstone Amethyst
which is probably one of the most precious stones, rare in deposits
and intricate in its properties. Amethyst is one such gem stone which
is a quartz deposit produced in the form of colored crystals that are
purple or lilac in color. Myths suggest that Amethyst was a stone
which prevented ‘intoxication’ presumably it was used against
alcohol addiction. Due to the presence of iron and magnesium in its
composition; the crystal maintains the violet shade, its structure
being rhombohedra, with a fracture capacity that is conchoidal.
Significance: Amethyst is a stone of the
medieval ages, where the first known evidence regarding its history
was detected back in Egypt. The recorded excavation where deposits of
the crystal were witnessed was in Brazil at Santa Cruz. Although
detected late, it is said that the stone originally may contain
either manganese which is mainly responsible for the lilac shade.
The foundation stretches
across Dusseldorf in Germany where the composition may also contain
traces of sulfur and Iron. Medieval periods unearthed amethyst
crystals under the Anglo-Saxon graves. It is a state gemstone for
crystal is found in unanimously in places like Mexico, Canada, India,
Madagascar, Africa, Europe, Uruguay and the United States. Its
formation takes places through its mineral, quartz which predominate
from igneous and metamorphic rock sediments. Volcanic deposits also
contain geode crystals.
Already mentioned above is the basic fact that manganese
concentration is responsible for the purple color and the intensity
of the shade depends upon the quantity of iron inside the crystal.
In the field of chemistry;
it is referred to as Silicon Dioxide; the compound maintains such
constituents whose color changes depending upon the temperature hence
below 48 degrees the crystal becomes unstable and starts to lose
color and structure. Therefore it has been found that the stone is
processed into two types; Ametrine and Citrine.
It consists of a
refractive index which ranges between 1.5-1.6; a tenacity of 6.8-7 on
Moh’s Scale and sports a crystal structure which is tetrahedral.
Its specific gravity is 6.5 and fracture is conchoidal.
Ancient history depicts the stone to be a precious asset to the
Egyptians who believed it guarded individuals from any negative
thought / action. They believed in witchcraft and sorcery, hence
regarded the stone as a protective shield against dark forces. Due to
the psychological and devout properties, legends have it that the
stone was known to prevent addiction as was accepted by the Greeks.
In fact, it is also known as the Bishop Stone and has a cathedral
history attached in its biography. The stone is February stone meant
for the zodiac Pisces.
Apart from being a stone which is known for imparting wisdom, it is
known to relieve people from migraines, stress and hence leaves a
calming effect unless the ambience is negative. It is also known as
the dream stone which assists the wearer by triggering sleep thus
preventing insomnia. The stone protects the mind from deception,
offers strength and positivity hence is a spiritual stone purchased
not just for being a gem asset but also for its significance in
healing and meditation.
Gemstone: History, Excavation, Chemical and Physical Attributes, Uses
and Healing Properties
Apatite is acclaimed as a
constituent that is similar to the isomorphic hexagonal phosphate
minerals, simply because it is a group of phosphate minerals in which
the main component is calcium mixed with a halogen. Hence ‘Apatite’
is basically phosphate mineral compound which has been used since
centuries as a gemstone for its particular healing credibility.
/ Excavation Sites: Receding back in history,
this hexagonal mineral has been unearthed under European grounds.
Places like Germany, Portugal, Kola Peninsula and Russia mainly carry
out excavations for ‘Apatite’ deposits.
The mineral has been found
in different colors based on the halogen present in its composition.
Deep blue Apatite, have been discovered at Bahia, Ipira in Brazil.
From La Marina Mine, Boyaca and Columbia a pink Apatite deposit has
been dug out. Some popular excavation sites are Cerro de Mercado,
Mexico and Durango where prismatic Apatite has been quarried. Canada
however offers Orange Apatite deposits, from Otter Lake and Yates
In the U.S, Maine leads in
its excavations for the stone where violet crystals have been
uncovered from areas like Pulsifier Quarry located at a town called
Auburn. Also at Mt. Rubellite Quarry which is situated at Hebron,
both these regions placed in Maine present some of the most abundant
accretions of Apatite.
Apart from this yellow
crystals have been extracted from the FulFord District at Colorado
and Iron Mountain in Utah. The Himalayan Mines presented
spectacularly large green crystals of the Apatite mineral whereas
opaque Apatite has been found rich in amount at places like New
Jersey at Franklin and Hamberg as well as across Amity in Orange Co.
which lies at the state border.
Chemical & Physical
Attributes: Configured into a di-pyramidal
hexagon, Apatite measures 5 on the Mho’s Scale. It maintains luster
and normally is found in a cluster of massive crystals, which have a
specific gravity of 3.16-3.22. It Shows double refractions and
maintains properties of fluorescence and a refractive index of 1.6.
Uses of Apatite:
Since the Apatite
mineral contains phosphorus, hence is used for the manufacture of
fertilizers which are additive chemicals used in agricultural
cultivations for nutritional balance.
As a gemstone, this
compound is regarded as the birthstone for the zodiac ‘Gemini’
and is known as ‘Asparagus Stone’ for its green radiance.
This mineral deposit
contains important ores, and since it is a non-radioactive compound
hence to prevent mine tailings is considered an essential ore for
such rare earth metals. It is part of the major science project
called Hoidas Lake Project.
Is significant with
respect to lunar space findings, where Apatite has been found as
traces in moon rocks.
A constituent of
Apatite makes it a necessary component which forms the foundation of
bones, hence is essential when it comes to bone structuring projects
etc. Also the mineral is a blend in toothpaste, because it
neutralizes acid attacks.
The stone increases the intellectual and spiritual dialect of
individuals. Apatite gemstone beads have the potential to heal
ailments, since it contains calcium hence treats bone maladies. Also
increases the metabolic rates, thereby increasing energy and growth
of organs. Otherwise the Apatite gemstone bead stimulates emotional,
physical, social and psychological balance.
This article on Apatite gemstones discusses history, physical and
chemical attributes, uses and healing properties of Apatite gemstone
beads. This bead increases the intellectual and spiritual dialect of
Gem Stone: History, Properties, Folklore and Uses
A silicon deposit of the
mineral ‘Chalcedony’, Carnelian gemstone is considered
semi-precious and is recognizable for its dark brown-red color due to
the presence of iron oxide within its composition. The stone is
traced back as a birth stone meant for the zodiac signs Leo and
Virgo. The stone predominates from the ‘Quartz’ family and
originally was called ‘cornelian’ due to its cherry red color
which was analogous to the fruit ‘cornel cherry’.
of the Gem Stone Carnelian: Back in the
late centuries, this stone was unearthed in the Bronze Age, so early
that the time dates back till the 1800 BC. The main extracts come
from Australia in Garie Beach Queensland, Austria, Botswana, China
and Brazil already holds repute for famous gemstone excavations. Even
in India you can find carnelian dredges as well as traces in Africa,
Russia is found to abound in major deposits.
Properties of the
Gem Stone Carnelian:
The chemical and
physical property of ‘Carnelian’ differentiates it from another
gemstone called ‘sard’ which is also found as mineral sediment
of quartz, and is harder and tougher than the Carnelian.
The stone was
formerly called ‘Carnelian Agate’ and is prominent in the form
of deep red, dark brown and white shades.
Sporting a molar mass
of around 60g/mol it preserves a crystal system which comes under
the category of the ‘Trigonal’.
It possesses a
fracture which is uneven, conchoidal and jagged. When measured on
the Mohr’s Scale, the tenacity is measured around 6-7 and
maintains a specific gravity of about 2.69-2.61.
gemstone undergoes artificial heating such that the color can be
deepened for better commercial sale.
Folklore and Legends
of the Gem Stone Carnelian:
Since centuries this
stone holds a chief significance with respect to its historical
myths and beliefs. It was the Egyptians who believed the stone to
have healing properties, some which are witnessed for zodiacs of Leo
convictions talk about the stone being beneficial for blood
circulation and produce a positive perspective towards life within
Is said to stop
bleeding and treat wounds. The Greeks believed the stone to prevent
spirits and evil energy from affecting the wearer whereas the Asians
native to Tibet and India treated the stone to be a lucky charm
which would bring fame, fortune and protection as its charm.
Uses of the Gem
Stone Carnelian: The stone is popularly
used in jewelry in the form of rings, armlets and pendants, the stone
can be used in any form of jewelry and therefore has become
commercially very popular amongst the masses. The very reason that
the Carnelian stone is considered spiritual due to its relevance for
medical support as well the high name it holds for being a stone of
beauty and charm, its production has increased to a ten-fold thereby
promoting more countries to extract this stone, one of them being
Madagascar which is another land of its deposits.
Summary – This article
describes the history, properties, folklore and uses of Carnelian
Gemstone. Carnelian stone is beneficial for blood circulation and
bring positive perspective towards life to the wearer.
Geological Prominence, Scientific and Healing Properties
Charoite is basically a
gemstone, which belongs to the family of limestone, it maintains a
purple shade. It is basically a silicate mineral which was first
discovered back in 1978, and has biaxial optical properties. Apart
from being a gemstone bead which is useful for its healing
properties, Charoite beads are used as an ornamental piece which has
come under great demand in the jewelry commerce since centuries.
of the Stone: Charoite is formed under
metamorphic rocks, where the magma intrudes inside and formulates the
gemstone whose mineral is eventually dug out from volcanic regions.
The history of the stone dates back in 1940 in Soviet Union where it
was first excavated at Lake Bilal. Hence the stone introduced a whole
new market consisting of ‘Charoite’ gemstone sold in the form of
The places where the stone
is mined for are extremely rare. It is Europe which contains those
distinct regions, where Charoite is formed. Hence place like
“Sirenevyi Kamen” in Russia has certain
placements for the tribal people.
It has conchoidal
fractures, which is massive in its crystal size and is specifically
found only at one location, that being Chara River area present in
Siberia, the locality where the stone is dug out in abundance.
Sporting a specific
gravity of 2.5-2.8, which maintains a tenacity of 5 on the Mohs
scale hence conchoidal shapes are part of the crystal systems.
With a monoclinic
crystal system, which is conchoidal, it does not possess cleavage
because of its enormous size.
Charoite gemstone beads is translucent and streaks are white
Crystal habit of
Charoite is fibrous and massive and its luster is vitreous to
Healing Properties of
Charoite gemstone beads:
Has been found to possess medicinal properties which affect the
psychological system of your bodies to a large extent. The wearer of
the stone is mentally calm and does not have any fears, inhibitions
It battles sleep ridden individuals, and allows them to regain their
abilities to rest, without their minds being plagued by nightmares.
Hence provides relaxation to the mind such that the person can
According to studies, the mythical force behind the stone is said to
affect our chakra systems at certain points, known as the crown,
solar plexus and the third eye. Spiritually an individual is
completely at peace, and susceptive to his/her surroundings.
Charoite is a powerful stone which mediates love, protects the
wearer from negative energy and has been referred to individuals who
suffer from compulsive disorders and obsessions. Hence not only does
it help a phobic but also a maniac.
Apart from ensuring that the blood pressure inside an individual
remains the same, that is it is at a steady beat, Charoite beads are
exceptionally useful at balancing the organ systems and their
functions so as to maintain blood circulation.
– This article describes geological availability of Charoite
gemstone beads and also its scientific and healing properties. This
gemstone helps to maintain emotional balance of the wearer.
Chrysocolla Gemstone – Meaning, Origin, Healing Properties, Uses, Similarities and Care
Akin to most semi-precious stones, Chrysocolla also belongs to mineral origin. It is found in an exceptionally beautiful sea green, sea blue and hues of blue-green colors. The opaque and translucent diaphaneity of the stone along with vitreous patina or contrast earthy luster forms extraordinary patterned stones. Several of these stones display designs that look like a globe. The word is formed from Greek words Chrysos that means ‘gold’ and kola that means ‘glue’. In primordial times, this stone was extensively used by goldsmiths to solder the metal “gold”.
Chrysocolla belongs to the copper family. It is a copper silicate mineral found in crevices of copper deposit. It is an ore of copper. Chrysocolla is an amorphous type of crystal and usually contains some amount of aluminum and quartz. The quartz either blends in with the copper silicate mineral or forms a layer of quartz on the surface. The stone is abundantly found in Australia, Zaire, USA, Chile, Israel and England.
The soothing blue-green color of the stone is believed to encourage calmness, peace, unconditional love, patience, creativity and intuition in one’s life. Besides promoting mental well being, Chrysocolla is thought to have medical healing properties. It is supposed to heal throat related ailments, ulcers and cramps. True to its properties, the cool soothing color is known to have a calming effect on common medical issues like fever and minor burns.
As Chrysocolla gemstone is atypical crystal its structure and appearance is reniform, botryoidal or stalactitic. It is found in the form of huge round balls or abstract shapes that have fibrous vein like design between them. Chrysocolla is an extremely soft mineral stone and hence is rarely used in jewelry designs. It weighs only 2.5 to 3.5 in hardness on Mohs scale. Although low in hardness, there are many petite faceted Chrysocolla gemstones available in the market that are used in expensive and precious jewelry.
Besides exclusive jewelry, the stone is widely available as cabochons. Chrysocolla cabochons are easy to create due to the stones natural drusy surface. Silver, sterling silver and platinum metal complements this stone well. Copper strings and light colored beads match well with the stone and intensify the healing properties of the stone.
Similarities with Other Stones
Chrysocolla has mineral composition similarities with other stones and are often confused with Turquoise and Azurite. Apart from these two, it also shares commonalities with Limonite and Malachite. Many other stones that have similar color combinations that can be mistaken for Chrysocolla are Simthstone, Variscite, Allophane and Chalcedony of green and blue color. The colors of these stones could be either too dark or too light. Usually a single color like green or blue in Chalcedony gemstone would be more dominant.
As Chrysocolla is a soft and precious stone, it should be handled with care. Chemicals in perfumes can cause loss of luster. Excessive heat can damage the coating of the stone permanently. If the stone is used in a jewelry form, it should not be mingled with other metals and stone. Utmost care should be taken to prevent it from falling or hitting hard surface as the stone would shatter to pieces due to its pliability. Chrysocolla though a soft and precious stone is extremely versatile and can be used to embellish numerous items.
Gemstone Beads: Geological Significance, Scientific and Healing
The Citrine gemstone
belonging to the quartz family is yellow in color, which could be a
consequence of the presence of iron in its composition. This gemstone
maintains metaphysical properties which have made it popular amongst
the masses since not only does Citrine have significance with respect
to being a rare ornamental jewel, but also maintains certain healing
Significance: Mined at ‘Rio Grande do Sul’
in Brazil mostly, the Citrine gemstone became prominent around the
19th century. Once
commercialization took place,
it eventually led to the increase in the
production of this gemstone. Therefore the necessity to excavate the
gemstone from quartz crystals present deep within igneous and
metamorphic rocks. Due to its unique property to be resistive towards
weathering, the Citrine stone was also found in regions where
alluvial deposits are plenty.
In the United States, the
stone deposits can be found at Colorado, North Carolina and
California. Apart from these two important sites, other sites are
south Africa, Madagascar, Britain, France and the Soviet Union.
tenacity of 7 on Mohs scale, has a trigonal structure and has been
named accordingly due to its bright golden hue.
This gemstone has
been extracted from silicon composed volcanic depositions; the stone
maintains a lesser amount of oxidation state of iron as compared to
the denomination found for the case of Amethyst.
Because Citrine is a
rare gemstone, this colorless quartz has a refractive index of
around 1.5. In fact it doesn’t have cleavage and maintains
birefringence of around .009.
Though found in
uneven shapes or clusters, Citrine color can change on heating,
which renders it white and in case radioactive rays have been
exposed unto the stone, it turns dark brown.
Because its hardness
is durable, thereby making it single scratch proof gemstone valuable
for its rare occurrence.
Healing Properties of
Citrine Gemstone Beads:
It is considered a healing
stone which characterizes the month of November, and is associated
with zodiacs like Gemini, Libra, Gemini and Leo also. Hence some of
the major healing benefits of the stone are:
Just like a positive attitude can change people’s lives, hence the
stone acts on the psychological well being of a person. Hence in
case you have tremendous amount of optimism and joy then the Citrine
gemstone bead is definitely your kind.
prevents individuals from becoming greedy in life, hence pushes away
sensations and desires towards materialistic things in life.
Professional: Not only does the stone improve one’s mental
capabilities but also strengthens our outlook towards new people or
new work. Hence, relieving the body from stress and emotional
Physical Health: It
has been found out that the Citrine gemstone beads are extremely
useful at treating afflictions which might affect the endocrine
system. It purifies blood circulation, reduces constipation, aids
This is specifically for women, for whom their menses are regulated,
and cramps are treated. Muscle/joint pain is another ailment that
this gemstone is known to cure.
who suffer from phobia, depression, fear, anxiety or paranoia
attacks can efficiently have their nerves soothed down using Citrine
Summary – This article
illustrates geological significance, scientific and healing
properties of Citrine gemstone beads. Citrine is considered to help
overcome phobias and depression of the wearer.
Kyanite – Meaning, History, Properties, Uses, Popularity and Healing Power
Kyanite derived from a Greek word Kuanos or kyanos which means “deep blue” is mainly popular as a semiprecious gemstone bead in fashion jewelry. It is basically a blue silicate material which has empirical formula Al2SiO5 and is found in Aluminum rich sedimentary rocks. Kyanite is also known as Cyanite, Disthene and Rhaeticite.
Kyanite gemstone bead was found in nineteenth century. Kyanite is mostly found in Brazil, Switzerland, Myanmar, USA (mountainous regions), Kenya and Zimbabwe. Initially it was also used as a compass by travelers to follow the earth’s magnetic force and get the directions. The orange colored kyanite is discovered from Tanzania. The color orange is because of manganese deposits in the rock structure.
When buying kyanite gemstone bead one must look for high transparency, uniformity in color and maximum luster. Semi-transparent and translucent kyanite gems are quite cheaper in comparison to the best ones.
Uses & Popularity
Kyanite is used as refractory product mainly in casting molds, plumbing fixtures and dishware etc.
It is used as abrasives and insulators in electronics.
But the most favorite use is as a semiprecious gemstone which shows cat’s eye effect. In gemstone industry it is mainly used in pendants, earrings and brooches.
It is one of the important index mineral used to measure the depth, pressure and temperature at which a stone undergoes metamorphism.
Kyanite is considered an important gemstone bead for relaxation and meditation. It is an excellent tranquilizer and keeps oneself peaceful and calm. It has positive effects on visualization, dreams and psychic activities. It helps foster flow of energy in body, concentration power and communication abilities. It brings loyalty, honesty and helps dispel anger and frustration.
It is associated with zodiac signs Libra, Taurus and Aries.
Its clears blocked energy and helps aligns all the chakras of human body. It is especially effective in third-eye and throat chakras.
Gemstone Bead – Appearance, Origin, Birthstone and Healing
The Peridot gemstone is
predominantly assumed to have been native to Egypt in the late 18th/
19th century. It
is of pale green composition and is basically a crystal which has
constituent properties of Magnesium and Iron. Iron is found to be
present in larger extent whereas silicon and oxygen also occur in
fractional quantities. The stone is presumably mistaken for emerald
due to its color however is entirely different from the precious gem
on various levels. Legends have it that the stone was known as
‘Chrysolite’ in some of the Bible texts and was also a favorite
gemstone for Queen Cleopatra.
Though the color of this stone is olive green, however the intensity
of the shade depends upon the magnitude of Iron it might confine
within its chemical composition; hence lighter mass of Iron would
give it a yellow tint whereas more of the compound is responsible for
the pale olive green normally which is found to persist in the stone.
Its tenacity ranges about 6.5-7 that was recorded on the Mho’s
The formation of the Peridot lies in its
biological source which is ‘Olivine’ that is the basic mineral
resting under ultra-mafic rocks or can be considered a derivative of
lava composites of the ‘peridotite xenoliths’, a compound of the
mantle. Due to the fact that the mineral is rarely found and also
since its deposits contain little of ‘Peridot’ products it is
considered precious. Research also denotes that its source comes from
a meteorite known as the ‘Pallasite Meteorites’ whose advent was
witnessed in the past April 2008.
Till today the largest
ever measurable quantity of the stone that has been purchased is a
310 carat which lies in the Washington DC Smithsonian Museum. The
‘Black Rock Lamproite’ has been one of the discovery grounds for
Olvine Peridot composites where 13,000 carats (which weighs around
62g) of the stone was unearthed.
: Peridot essentially is considered as the ‘August’ birthstone.
You must be familiar with the concept behind astrology and
birthstones; well accordingly the stone’s rightful placement has
been calculated to being in the month of August, the month of the
zodiac ‘Leo’. It was in the year 1912 that the designation was
assigned to the stone by the American National Association of
Jewelers. Similar to the birthstone ‘Opal’ which is originally
allocated to the zodiac ‘Libra’; surprisingly ‘Peridot’ is
also considered a ‘Libra’ gemstone.
For some individuals the
idea of wearing a gemstone can cure them of ailments and bring about
harmony in the vicinity of their residence. However there are also
few who believe only in the commercial profits of the stone and a few
who purchase it for its unique beauty. However bibliographical facts
suggest that the stone has medicinal effects, one of them being sound
sleep and relaxation from stress. The stone denotes peace, success
and fortune. It is said that the wearer will not suffer from ill
health as well as will have a secure hold over anger which is often
common amongst stone behavioral descriptions. It is still till today
regarded as a fashionable piece of jewelry and with the folklore
fastened with its biography, the stone is quite well resound in the
Phosphosiderite - A Rare Gemstone - Its Characteristics and Properties
Phosphosiderite is a fascinating gemstone as it is made from a combination of iron and phosphorus. The stone looks akin to Sugilite. The name “Phosphosiderite” has been derived from its basic elements phosphorus and iron. The word iron however has been borrowed from the Greek language, which is “Sideros”, hence forming “phosphor-siderite”. Besides Phosphosiderite, the stone is also popularly known as “Piedrea voga” which means pink stone or “La Roca Voca” meaning pink rock in many countries.
This gemstone is widely available in light purple orchid like color. Yellow color streaks are usually apparent in this stone. The vein like streaks in the stone is known as cacoxenite. Other shades of the stone that are rare and precious are rose-red, brownish-reddish yellow, moss green, deeper hues of purple and the most astounding is colorless Phosphosiderite. The stone has a natural resinous or vitreous luster to it giving the crystals slight amount of sheen.
Phosphosiderite is a rare gem and is found particularly in Argentina and Chile. Besides these countries, the gemstones in reddish brown color are generally found attached to jet-black color barbosalite. These types of color stones are found in South Dakota, USA, Bull Moose mine and Custer County. Phosphosiderite that is available in hues of purple is mainly found attached to bluish purple botryoidal, dark violet tinsleyite botryoidal or a large rockbridgeite.
Stones that are found in botryoidal form are apt for making Phosphosiderite cabochons. Geologically the stone is supposed to be a variation result of the mineral triphyilte that is found in multifarious granite pegmatite. A research suggests that Phosphosiderite could also be a result of abstract components that are present in the soil.
This stone is perfect for jewelry making. It weighs about 3.5 to 4 on the Mohs scale of hardness. Although it is perfect for jewelry making, it has to be treated with paraffin and polished with some other materials to provide it better stability and shine. The stone has about 2/m prism and its diaphaneity is mostly translucent. Some Phosphosiderite stones may have opaque diaphaneity. It is procured in large quantities of massive rocks and toned down for commercial use.
Most Phosphosiderite stones display irregular fractures and distinct cleavage. The crystalline formation of the stone is tabular in form or sometimes is also found in reniform layer along with gristly formation. The stone beads are available in round, oval and elongated oval shapes in the market.
Although metaphysical properties of Phosphosiderite are lesser known the crystals in the stone are believed to possess certain healing properties. The shades of purple are suppose to aid in reducing anger. It also helps in calming down the heightened temperament of a person and brings about a feeling of relaxed and peacefulness. Some suggest Phosphosiderite has spiritual properties. It is believed to help heal problems related to the third eye chakra (Energy that is stored between our brows that link to spirituality). The third eye chakra is supposed to be associated with knowledge and perception.
Thus Phosphosiderite is a rare and beautiful gemstone and apart from its beauty the stone also possesses interesting properties.
Rainbow Moonstone - A Multifaceted
A rainbow displays one of the most
vivid and beautiful colors nature has to offer. Rainbow moonstone is
as spectacular as its name. It has the splendid silky-white sheen of
the moon and has exceptional property that displays different rainbow
like colors. Besides the color, the stone has always been associated
with spirituality and believed to hold mystical qualities that have
enchanted many for centuries. As a sparkling diamond is found in dark
coalmines, a gleaming rainbow moonstone is found in the dark cooled
magma of the earth.
How rainbow moonstone is created?
Moonstones are usually found in areas
that are active in hydrothermic and volcanic activity. Moonstone is
essentially called orthoclase or feldspar stone. The rock is
available in two types, one that is combination of sodium and calcium
and another that primarily contains the chemical potassium. Feldspar
is a regular stone that is abundantly available around the globe.
However, this stone is mixed with fuming thick magma and water and
the birth process of moonstone begins. When the fiery liquid magma
comes in contact with water it begins to cool down and the minerals
muse together to form crystals inside the volcanic rock. These
precious crystals then start to settle layer by layer. This activity
takes millions of years and this process gives the rainbow moonstone
its color and shine.
Characteristics of the rainbow
Compared to regular silky white
moonstone, rainbow moonstone depicts more diaphaneity and hence is
more transparent than regular moonstone. Apart from the general
moonstone color, it has a distinct property that displays various
colors like pink, grey, yellow, blue, purple and green thus, the name
rainbow moonstone. Other characteristics of the stone are similar to
regular moonstone. It weighs about six on the Mohs scale of hardness.
Its specific gravity amounts to 2.55 to 2.63. The stone has a
straight fracture with perfect cleavage and has pearly or vitreous
As rainbow moonstone belongs to the
silicate mineral family, it has a monoclinic crystal system. The
crystal habit of the stone shows tabular form patterns that are
mostly stretched out. This crystal habit is usually called Eudedral
or Anhedral. Due to its crystal habit, the stone sometimes shows
uniform patterns and sometimes it shows uneven designs.
Rainbow moonstone is considered a
feminine stone and hence is known to be extremely beneficial for
women. It is believed to improve hormonal imbalances in women; it is
useful during menstrual cycles and menopause. It is also known to aid
in managing anger and keep stress levels under control. Besides, the
stone is supposed to aid in reducing swelling, which occurs due to
excess fluid accumulation in the body. In addition, it is considered
to help the functioning of pituitary glands, cure obesity issues and
Rainbow moonstone is believed to
inspire the inner well being of a person. In earlier days, mariners
often wore moonstone as it was thought to protect the traveler when
out in sea. The stone is known to spread harmony and peace in one’s
life and is believed to aid strong bonding between family members.
Rainbow moonstone is a versatile
gemstone and possesses several mystical and medical properties. In
jewelry making, rainbow moonstone is a popular choice among numerous