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Amazonite GemStone Beads – Origin, Properties, Uses and Folklore

Amazonite gemstone is extracted from a triclinic compound which is categorized under a general category of mineral salts known as ‘feldspar’. Belonging to a class of crystals which are composed of Silicon; these silicates constitute mainly of Aluminum and Potassium. Bearing a tenacity of around 6-6.5 on the Moh’s Scale, the mineral ‘Microcline’ is fabricated to produce a particular gemstone known as ‘Amazonite’. Though the mineral salt is opaque, white and translucent in its shades; Amazonite maintains either dark green or a light blue color which is induced due to the presence of OH-1 and Lead contaminants.

Geological Origins: ‘Amazonite’ has substantially been named after the river ‘Amazon’ however its discovery certainly doesn’t lie within those lands. It was recently unearthed from the Illmen Mountains, which is a 50 mile crag laying in the southwestern region of Chelyabinsk in Russia. Apart from this region, the United States is another site where high quality mineral salts are extracted from. It is in Colorado where most deposits occur, chiefly the places being Crystal Peak, Pike’s Peak and El Paso. Brazil also happens to be another domicile for the extraction sites for the gemstone. Leaving aside the chief sources which are profound for the gemstone productivity; Zimbabwe, Australia, Namibia etc are the remaining sites for its extraction.

Chemical Properties: The gemstone is a triclinic compound in which oxide composition of Potassium, Aluminum and Silicon are respectively around 16.9%, 18.4% & 64.7%. The gemstone is mined from its original mineral which is ‘feldspar’ and is polished to produce a ‘cabochon’. The stone is specifically recognizable by its light bluish tints, or sometimes it may also be a soft olive green however the translucent shine which appears from its surface is due to the phenomenon of inclusions within the crystal, an interference of the rays due to the structural deformities of the crystal.

It has a ‘conchoidal’ geometric arrangement with a specific gravity which ranges about 2.56-2.57. It is regarded as a soft stone which comprises of a refractive index which is calculated to being 1.53. The stone is grounded from its source mineral which is typically found under plutonic rocks or granite composites.

Uses: ‘Amazonite’ due to its unique colors and also since it’s extremely rare to find, is regarded as a semi-precious stone which is marketed all over the world for the sake of being a jewel asset. Though its deposits are sporadic, the stone has become widespread in the market for not only being a fine gemstone but also holds an astrological significance in its occurrence. Used in necklaces as a form of a pendent; it makes a profitable ornamental piece which is sold at an expanse in the market.

Folklore: The stone has been distinguished into a December gem; which is meant for the zodiac ‘Virgo’. Said to increase an individual’s creative and intellectual quotient and boosts self esteem into the wearer. It is also regarded as a stone of peace; where it soothes unsettled senses and motivates self confidence in a person. Legends claim the stone to be a descendent of the warrior clans of Egypt. Hence holds a heavy significance.


Amber Gemstone Beads - History, Properties, Folklore and Healing Properties

The Neolithic stone, Amber, which is basically found in the form of a fossil particularly a tree resin and has been classified under five specific categories on the basis of the chemical components found in quality and quantity. It has been named on the basis of source and constituents, for example amber fossils found in New Zealand coal mines are referred to as ‘Ambrite’ otherwise it is usually called ‘Resinite’.

Geological History: Considerably around 1400 circa, amber was extracted from fossilized tree resins. Amber is naturally denser than stone and was first used by the Europeans for jewelry and perfume fabrication. The most rampant physics subject related to ‘Static Electricity’ associates with Amber, the stone, was the first substance used for experiments where it was the initiator for attractive forces.

The stone has many chronological events attached with its existence especially the heavy trade commenced from the Baltic Sea across the Amber Road, and has been found as a produce which was traded 2000 years ago.

At present the unearthing of the stone has been found to be significant on a global scale. Being a fossilized version of tree resin, Prussia leads in the mining of the stone. Maximum deposits occur in the Baltic Sea, along the region of Kaliningrad Oblast located in Russia.

Physical and Chemical Properties: The gemstone is normally found under blue earth accretions which are extracted using belt pelting from which the crust normally is removed either by erosion or by using sand and water mixture. It is a non uniform dreg which is composed of resinous associates that can dissolve in alcohol or ether. It constitutes some major carboxylic acids which are communic, cummunol and bioformene acid. Hence is made up of alkenes which after undergoing heavy pressure and high temperature converts the resin into copal and then readily once the terpenes wash off, Amber fossils are formed.

Often impurities are found within the substance hence making the material usable only for varnishes, thus the amber which isn’t pure is known as ‘firrness’. Blue Amber is when pyrites mixed with resin are formed. Bony Amber is another sort which contains bubbles within its concentration which gives it an opaque translucence.

The most common color for Amber gemstone beads is deep yellow to dark red, green and most infrequent blue amber which is also known as Dominique Amber. Baltic Amber is another category which is common amongst the finds. Amber can also be artificially produced hence to know the difference between natural and manmade; make a saturated solution of salt and water. Once you find the amber floating, it isn’t natural otherwise it is amber in case it floats though sometimes ‘copals’ are found to be dense.

Folklore and Legends: Love, passion and strength are the basic symbols related to the Amber gemstone beads, apart from soothing hyperactive individuals the stone is also used to calm stressed nerves. Legends technically pronounce the stone to be a magical stone though it’s healing and medicinal properties i.e. rejuvenating energy within an individual and increasing physical potency have made it quite popular amongst the masses.

Summary: This article illustrates history, properties, folklore and healing properties of Amber gemstone beads. Amber gemstone is believed to provide rejuvenating energy to the wearer.


Amethyst Gemstone Beads: History, Features, Folklore and Healing Properties

The priests wore, the Egyptians treasured it; this is regarding the birthstone Amethyst which is probably one of the most precious stones, rare in deposits and intricate in its properties. Amethyst is one such gem stone which is a quartz deposit produced in the form of colored crystals that are purple or lilac in color. Myths suggest that Amethyst was a stone which prevented ‘intoxication’ presumably it was used against alcohol addiction. Due to the presence of iron and magnesium in its composition; the crystal maintains the violet shade, its structure being rhombohedra, with a fracture capacity that is conchoidal.

Geological Significance: Amethyst is a stone of the medieval ages, where the first known evidence regarding its history was detected back in Egypt. The recorded excavation where deposits of the crystal were witnessed was in Brazil at Santa Cruz. Although detected late, it is said that the stone originally may contain either manganese which is mainly responsible for the lilac shade.

The foundation stretches across Dusseldorf in Germany where the composition may also contain traces of sulfur and Iron. Medieval periods unearthed amethyst crystals under the Anglo-Saxon graves. It is a state gemstone for South Carolina.

Amethyst crystal is found in unanimously in places like Mexico, Canada, India, Madagascar, Africa, Europe, Uruguay and the United States. Its formation takes places through its mineral, quartz which predominate from igneous and metamorphic rock sediments. Volcanic deposits also contain geode crystals.

Features: Already mentioned above is the basic fact that manganese concentration is responsible for the purple color and the intensity of the shade depends upon the quantity of iron inside the crystal.

In the field of chemistry; it is referred to as Silicon Dioxide; the compound maintains such constituents whose color changes depending upon the temperature hence below 48 degrees the crystal becomes unstable and starts to lose color and structure. Therefore it has been found that the stone is processed into two types; Ametrine and Citrine.

It consists of a refractive index which ranges between 1.5-1.6; a tenacity of 6.8-7 on Moh’s Scale and sports a crystal structure which is tetrahedral. Its specific gravity is 6.5 and fracture is conchoidal.

Folklore: Ancient history depicts the stone to be a precious asset to the Egyptians who believed it guarded individuals from any negative thought / action. They believed in witchcraft and sorcery, hence regarded the stone as a protective shield against dark forces. Due to the psychological and devout properties, legends have it that the stone was known to prevent addiction as was accepted by the Greeks. In fact, it is also known as the Bishop Stone and has a cathedral history attached in its biography. The stone is February stone meant for the zodiac Pisces.

Healing Properties: Apart from being a stone which is known for imparting wisdom, it is known to relieve people from migraines, stress and hence leaves a calming effect unless the ambience is negative. It is also known as the dream stone which assists the wearer by triggering sleep thus preventing insomnia. The stone protects the mind from deception, offers strength and positivity hence is a spiritual stone purchased not just for being a gem asset but also for its significance in healing and meditation.


Apatite Gemstone: History, Excavation, Chemical and Physical Attributes, Uses and Healing Properties

Apatite is acclaimed as a constituent that is similar to the isomorphic hexagonal phosphate minerals, simply because it is a group of phosphate minerals in which the main component is calcium mixed with a halogen. Hence ‘Apatite’ is basically phosphate mineral compound which has been used since centuries as a gemstone for its particular healing credibility.

Geological Significance / Excavation Sites: Receding back in history, this hexagonal mineral has been unearthed under European grounds. Places like Germany, Portugal, Kola Peninsula and Russia mainly carry out excavations for ‘Apatite’ deposits.

The mineral has been found in different colors based on the halogen present in its composition. Deep blue Apatite, have been discovered at Bahia, Ipira in Brazil. From La Marina Mine, Boyaca and Columbia a pink Apatite deposit has been dug out. Some popular excavation sites are Cerro de Mercado, Mexico and Durango where prismatic Apatite has been quarried. Canada however offers Orange Apatite deposits, from Otter Lake and Yates Mine.

In the U.S, Maine leads in its excavations for the stone where violet crystals have been uncovered from areas like Pulsifier Quarry located at a town called Auburn. Also at Mt. Rubellite Quarry which is situated at Hebron, both these regions placed in Maine present some of the most abundant accretions of Apatite.

Apart from this yellow crystals have been extracted from the FulFord District at Colorado and Iron Mountain in Utah. The Himalayan Mines presented spectacularly large green crystals of the Apatite mineral whereas opaque Apatite has been found rich in amount at places like New Jersey at Franklin and Hamberg as well as across Amity in Orange Co. which lies at the state border.

Chemical & Physical Attributes: Configured into a di-pyramidal hexagon, Apatite measures 5 on the Mho’s Scale. It maintains luster and normally is found in a cluster of massive crystals, which have a specific gravity of 3.16-3.22. It Shows double refractions and maintains properties of fluorescence and a refractive index of 1.6.

Uses of Apatite:

  1. Since the Apatite mineral contains phosphorus, hence is used for the manufacture of fertilizers which are additive chemicals used in agricultural cultivations for nutritional balance.

  2. As a gemstone, this compound is regarded as the birthstone for the zodiac ‘Gemini’ and is known as ‘Asparagus Stone’ for its green radiance.

  3. This mineral deposit contains important ores, and since it is a non-radioactive compound hence to prevent mine tailings is considered an essential ore for such rare earth metals. It is part of the major science project called Hoidas Lake Project.

  4. Is significant with respect to lunar space findings, where Apatite has been found as traces in moon rocks.

  5. A constituent of Apatite makes it a necessary component which forms the foundation of bones, hence is essential when it comes to bone structuring projects etc. Also the mineral is a blend in toothpaste, because it neutralizes acid attacks.

Healing Properties: The stone increases the intellectual and spiritual dialect of individuals. Apatite gemstone beads have the potential to heal ailments, since it contains calcium hence treats bone maladies. Also increases the metabolic rates, thereby increasing energy and growth of organs. Otherwise the Apatite gemstone bead stimulates emotional, physical, social and psychological balance.

Summary: This article on Apatite gemstones discusses history, physical and chemical attributes, uses and healing properties of Apatite gemstone beads. This bead increases the intellectual and spiritual dialect of individuals.


Carnelian Gem Stone: History, Properties, Folklore and Uses

A silicon deposit of the mineral ‘Chalcedony’, Carnelian gemstone is considered semi-precious and is recognizable for its dark brown-red color due to the presence of iron oxide within its composition. The stone is traced back as a birth stone meant for the zodiac signs Leo and Virgo. The stone predominates from the ‘Quartz’ family and originally was called ‘cornelian’ due to its cherry red color which was analogous to the fruit ‘cornel cherry’.

Geological History of the Gem Stone Carnelian: Back in the late centuries, this stone was unearthed in the Bronze Age, so early that the time dates back till the 1800 BC. The main extracts come from Australia in Garie Beach Queensland, Austria, Botswana, China and Brazil already holds repute for famous gemstone excavations. Even in India you can find carnelian dredges as well as traces in Africa, Russia is found to abound in major deposits.

Properties of the Gem Stone Carnelian:

  • The chemical and physical property of ‘Carnelian’ differentiates it from another gemstone called ‘sard’ which is also found as mineral sediment of quartz, and is harder and tougher than the Carnelian.

  • The stone was formerly called ‘Carnelian Agate’ and is prominent in the form of deep red, dark brown and white shades.

  • Sporting a molar mass of around 60g/mol it preserves a crystal system which comes under the category of the ‘Trigonal’.

  • It possesses a fracture which is uneven, conchoidal and jagged. When measured on the Mohr’s Scale, the tenacity is measured around 6-7 and maintains a specific gravity of about 2.69-2.61.

  • This translucent gemstone undergoes artificial heating such that the color can be deepened for better commercial sale.

Folklore and Legends of the Gem Stone Carnelian:

  • Since centuries this stone holds a chief significance with respect to its historical myths and beliefs. It was the Egyptians who believed the stone to have healing properties, some which are witnessed for zodiacs of Leo and Virgo.

  • The therapeutic convictions talk about the stone being beneficial for blood circulation and produce a positive perspective towards life within an individual.

  • Is said to stop bleeding and treat wounds. The Greeks believed the stone to prevent spirits and evil energy from affecting the wearer whereas the Asians native to Tibet and India treated the stone to be a lucky charm which would bring fame, fortune and protection as its charm.

Uses of the Gem Stone Carnelian: The stone is popularly used in jewelry in the form of rings, armlets and pendants, the stone can be used in any form of jewelry and therefore has become commercially very popular amongst the masses. The very reason that the Carnelian stone is considered spiritual due to its relevance for medical support as well the high name it holds for being a stone of beauty and charm, its production has increased to a ten-fold thereby promoting more countries to extract this stone, one of them being Madagascar which is another land of its deposits.

Summary – This article describes the history, properties, folklore and uses of Carnelian Gemstone. Carnelian stone is beneficial for blood circulation and bring positive perspective towards life to the wearer.


Charoite: Geological Prominence, Scientific and Healing Properties

Charoite is basically a gemstone, which belongs to the family of limestone, it maintains a purple shade. It is basically a silicate mineral which was first discovered back in 1978, and has biaxial optical properties. Apart from being a gemstone bead which is useful for its healing properties, Charoite beads are used as an ornamental piece which has come under great demand in the jewelry commerce since centuries.

Geological Prominence of the Stone: Charoite is formed under metamorphic rocks, where the magma intrudes inside and formulates the gemstone whose mineral is eventually dug out from volcanic regions. The history of the stone dates back in 1940 in Soviet Union where it was first excavated at Lake Bilal. Hence the stone introduced a whole new market consisting of ‘Charoite’ gemstone sold in the form of pendants.

The places where the stone is mined for are extremely rare. It is Europe which contains those distinct regions, where Charoite is formed. Hence place like “Sirenevyi Kamen” in Russia has certain placements for the tribal people.

It has conchoidal fractures, which is massive in its crystal size and is specifically found only at one location, that being Chara River area present in Siberia, the locality where the stone is dug out in abundance.

Scientific Properties of Charoite:

  1. Sporting a specific gravity of 2.5-2.8, which maintains a tenacity of 5 on the Mohs scale hence conchoidal shapes are part of the crystal systems.

  2. With a monoclinic crystal system, which is conchoidal, it does not possess cleavage because of its enormous size.

  3. Diaphaneity of Charoite gemstone beads is translucent and streaks are white

  4. Crystal habit of Charoite is fibrous and massive and its luster is vitreous to pearly.

Healing Properties of Charoite gemstone beads:

  1. Psyche: Has been found to possess medicinal properties which affect the psychological system of your bodies to a large extent. The wearer of the stone is mentally calm and does not have any fears, inhibitions or depressions.

  2. Insomnia: It battles sleep ridden individuals, and allows them to regain their abilities to rest, without their minds being plagued by nightmares. Hence provides relaxation to the mind such that the person can sleep.

  3. Chakra: According to studies, the mythical force behind the stone is said to affect our chakra systems at certain points, known as the crown, solar plexus and the third eye. Spiritually an individual is completely at peace, and susceptive to his/her surroundings.

  4. Emotional Balance: Charoite is a powerful stone which mediates love, protects the wearer from negative energy and has been referred to individuals who suffer from compulsive disorders and obsessions. Hence not only does it help a phobic but also a maniac.

  5. Physical Aid: Apart from ensuring that the blood pressure inside an individual remains the same, that is it is at a steady beat, Charoite beads are exceptionally useful at balancing the organ systems and their functions so as to maintain blood circulation.

Summary – This article describes geological availability of Charoite gemstone beads and also its scientific and healing properties. This gemstone helps to maintain emotional balance of the wearer.


Chrysocolla Gemstone – Meaning, Origin, Healing Properties, Uses, Similarities and Care

Akin to most semi-precious stones, Chrysocolla also belongs to mineral origin. It is found in an exceptionally beautiful sea green, sea blue and hues of blue-green colors. The opaque and translucent diaphaneity of the stone along with vitreous patina or contrast earthy luster forms extraordinary patterned stones. Several of these stones display designs that look like a globe. The word is formed from Greek words Chrysos that means ‘gold’ and kola that means ‘glue’. In primordial times, this stone was extensively used by goldsmiths to solder the metal “gold”.


Chrysocolla belongs to the copper family. It is a copper silicate mineral found in crevices of copper deposit. It is an ore of copper. Chrysocolla is an amorphous type of crystal and usually contains some amount of aluminum and quartz. The quartz either blends in with the copper silicate mineral or forms a layer of quartz on the surface. The stone is abundantly found in Australia, Zaire, USA, Chile, Israel and England.

Healing Properties

The soothing blue-green color of the stone is believed to encourage calmness, peace, unconditional love, patience, creativity and intuition in one’s life. Besides promoting mental well being, Chrysocolla is thought to have medical healing properties. It is supposed to heal throat related ailments, ulcers and cramps. True to its properties, the cool soothing color is known to have a calming effect on common medical issues like fever and minor burns.


As Chrysocolla gemstone is atypical crystal its structure and appearance is reniform, botryoidal or stalactitic. It is found in the form of huge round balls or abstract shapes that have fibrous vein like design between them. Chrysocolla is an extremely soft mineral stone and hence is rarely used in jewelry designs. It weighs only 2.5 to 3.5 in hardness on Mohs scale. Although low in hardness, there are many petite faceted Chrysocolla gemstones available in the market that are used in expensive and precious jewelry.

Besides exclusive jewelry, the stone is widely available as cabochons. Chrysocolla cabochons are easy to create due to the stones natural drusy surface. Silver, sterling silver and platinum metal complements this stone well. Copper strings and light colored beads match well with the stone and intensify the healing properties of the stone.

Similarities with Other Stones

Chrysocolla has mineral composition similarities with other stones and are often confused with Turquoise and Azurite. Apart from these two, it also shares commonalities with Limonite and Malachite. Many other stones that have similar color combinations that can be mistaken for Chrysocolla are Simthstone, Variscite, Allophane and Chalcedony of green and blue color. The colors of these stones could be either too dark or too light. Usually a single color like green or blue in Chalcedony gemstone would be more dominant.


As Chrysocolla is a soft and precious stone, it should be handled with care. Chemicals in perfumes can cause loss of luster. Excessive heat can damage the coating of the stone permanently. If the stone is used in a jewelry form, it should not be mingled with other metals and stone. Utmost care should be taken to prevent it from falling or hitting hard surface as the stone would shatter to pieces due to its pliability. Chrysocolla though a soft and precious stone is extremely versatile and can be used to embellish numerous items.


Citrine Gemstone Beads: Geological Significance, Scientific and Healing Properties

The Citrine gemstone belonging to the quartz family is yellow in color, which could be a consequence of the presence of iron in its composition. This gemstone maintains metaphysical properties which have made it popular amongst the masses since not only does Citrine have significance with respect to being a rare ornamental jewel, but also maintains certain healing properties.

Geological Significance: Mined at ‘Rio Grande do Sul’ in Brazil mostly, the Citrine gemstone became prominent around the 19th century. Once commercialization took place, it eventually led to the increase in the production of this gemstone. Therefore the necessity to excavate the gemstone from quartz crystals present deep within igneous and metamorphic rocks. Due to its unique property to be resistive towards weathering, the Citrine stone was also found in regions where alluvial deposits are plenty.

In the United States, the stone deposits can be found at Colorado, North Carolina and California. Apart from these two important sites, other sites are south Africa, Madagascar, Britain, France and the Soviet Union.

Scientific Properties:

  1. Citrine maintains tenacity of 7 on Mohs scale, has a trigonal structure and has been named accordingly due to its bright golden hue.

  2. This gemstone has been extracted from silicon composed volcanic depositions; the stone maintains a lesser amount of oxidation state of iron as compared to the denomination found for the case of Amethyst.

  3. Because Citrine is a rare gemstone, this colorless quartz has a refractive index of around 1.5. In fact it doesn’t have cleavage and maintains birefringence of around .009.

  4. Though found in uneven shapes or clusters, Citrine color can change on heating, which renders it white and in case radioactive rays have been exposed unto the stone, it turns dark brown.

  5. Because its hardness is durable, thereby making it single scratch proof gemstone valuable for its rare occurrence.

Healing Properties of Citrine Gemstone Beads:

It is considered a healing stone which characterizes the month of November, and is associated with zodiacs like Gemini, Libra, Gemini and Leo also. Hence some of the major healing benefits of the stone are:

  1. Positive Attitude: Just like a positive attitude can change people’s lives, hence the stone acts on the psychological well being of a person. Hence in case you have tremendous amount of optimism and joy then the Citrine gemstone bead is definitely your kind.

  2. Materialism: It prevents individuals from becoming greedy in life, hence pushes away sensations and desires towards materialistic things in life.

  3. Personal and Professional: Not only does the stone improve one’s mental capabilities but also strengthens our outlook towards new people or new work. Hence, relieving the body from stress and emotional trifles.

  4. Physical Health: It has been found out that the Citrine gemstone beads are extremely useful at treating afflictions which might affect the endocrine system. It purifies blood circulation, reduces constipation, aids digestion etc.

  5. Menstrual Cycles: This is specifically for women, for whom their menses are regulated, and cramps are treated. Muscle/joint pain is another ailment that this gemstone is known to cure.

  6. Phobia: Individuals who suffer from phobia, depression, fear, anxiety or paranoia attacks can efficiently have their nerves soothed down using Citrine gemstone beads.

Summary – This article illustrates geological significance, scientific and healing properties of Citrine gemstone beads. Citrine is considered to help overcome phobias and depression of the wearer.


Kyanite – Meaning, History, Properties, Uses, Popularity and Healing Power

Kyanite derived from a Greek word Kuanos or kyanos which means “deep blue” is mainly popular as a semiprecious gemstone bead in fashion jewelry. It is basically a blue silicate material which has empirical formula Al2SiO5 and is found in Aluminum rich sedimentary rocks. Kyanite is also known as Cyanite, Disthene and Rhaeticite.


Kyanite gemstone bead was found in nineteenth century. Kyanite is mostly found in Brazil, Switzerland, Myanmar, USA (mountainous regions), Kenya and Zimbabwe. Initially it was also used as a compass by travelers to follow the earth’s magnetic force and get the directions. The orange colored kyanite is discovered from Tanzania. The color orange is because of manganese deposits in the rock structure.


When buying kyanite gemstone bead one must look for high transparency, uniformity in color and maximum luster. Semi-transparent and translucent kyanite gems are quite cheaper in comparison to the best ones.

Uses & Popularity

Kyanite is used as refractory product mainly in casting molds, plumbing fixtures and dishware etc.

It is used as abrasives and insulators in electronics.

But the most favorite use is as a semiprecious gemstone which shows cat’s eye effect. In gemstone industry it is mainly used in pendants, earrings and brooches.

It is one of the important index mineral used to measure the depth, pressure and temperature at which a stone undergoes metamorphism.

Healing Power

Kyanite is considered an important gemstone bead for relaxation and meditation. It is an excellent tranquilizer and keeps oneself peaceful and calm. It has positive effects on visualization, dreams and psychic activities. It helps foster flow of energy in body, concentration power and communication abilities. It brings loyalty, honesty and helps dispel anger and frustration.

It is associated with zodiac signs Libra, Taurus and Aries.

Its clears blocked energy and helps aligns all the chakras of human body. It is especially effective in third-eye and throat chakras.


 Peridot Gemstone Bead – Appearance, Origin, Birthstone and Healing Properties

The Peridot gemstone is predominantly assumed to have been native to Egypt in the late 18th/ 19th century. It is of pale green composition and is basically a crystal which has constituent properties of Magnesium and Iron. Iron is found to be present in larger extent whereas silicon and oxygen also occur in fractional quantities. The stone is presumably mistaken for emerald due to its color however is entirely different from the precious gem on various levels. Legends have it that the stone was known as ‘Chrysolite’ in some of the Bible texts and was also a favorite gemstone for Queen Cleopatra.

Appearance: Though the color of this stone is olive green, however the intensity of the shade depends upon the magnitude of Iron it might confine within its chemical composition; hence lighter mass of Iron would give it a yellow tint whereas more of the compound is responsible for the pale olive green normally which is found to persist in the stone. Its tenacity ranges about 6.5-7 that was recorded on the Mho’s Scale.

Geological Origins: The formation of the Peridot lies in its biological source which is ‘Olivine’ that is the basic mineral resting under ultra-mafic rocks or can be considered a derivative of lava composites of the ‘peridotite xenoliths’, a compound of the mantle. Due to the fact that the mineral is rarely found and also since its deposits contain little of ‘Peridot’ products it is considered precious. Research also denotes that its source comes from a meteorite known as the ‘Pallasite Meteorites’ whose advent was witnessed in the past April 2008.

Till today the largest ever measurable quantity of the stone that has been purchased is a 310 carat which lies in the Washington DC Smithsonian Museum. The ‘Black Rock Lamproite’ has been one of the discovery grounds for Olvine Peridot composites where 13,000 carats (which weighs around 62g) of the stone was unearthed.

BirthStone : Peridot essentially is considered as the ‘August’ birthstone. You must be familiar with the concept behind astrology and birthstones; well accordingly the stone’s rightful placement has been calculated to being in the month of August, the month of the zodiac ‘Leo’. It was in the year 1912 that the designation was assigned to the stone by the American National Association of Jewelers. Similar to the birthstone ‘Opal’ which is originally allocated to the zodiac ‘Libra’; surprisingly ‘Peridot’ is also considered a ‘Libra’ gemstone.

Healing Properties:

For some individuals the idea of wearing a gemstone can cure them of ailments and bring about harmony in the vicinity of their residence. However there are also few who believe only in the commercial profits of the stone and a few who purchase it for its unique beauty. However bibliographical facts suggest that the stone has medicinal effects, one of them being sound sleep and relaxation from stress. The stone denotes peace, success and fortune. It is said that the wearer will not suffer from ill health as well as will have a secure hold over anger which is often common amongst stone behavioral descriptions. It is still till today regarded as a fashionable piece of jewelry and with the folklore fastened with its biography, the stone is quite well resound in the market.


Phosphosiderite - A Rare Gemstone - Its Characteristics and Properties

Phosphosiderite is a fascinating gemstone as it is made from a combination of iron and phosphorus. The stone looks akin to Sugilite. The name “Phosphosiderite” has been derived from its basic elements phosphorus and iron. The word iron however has been borrowed from the Greek language, which is “Sideros”, hence forming “phosphor-siderite”. Besides Phosphosiderite, the stone is also popularly known as “Piedrea voga” which means pink stone or “La Roca Voca” meaning pink rock in many countries.

Color Variations

This gemstone is widely available in light purple orchid like color. Yellow color streaks are usually apparent in this stone. The vein like streaks in the stone is known as cacoxenite. Other shades of the stone that are rare and precious are rose-red, brownish-reddish yellow, moss green, deeper hues of purple and the most astounding is colorless Phosphosiderite. The stone has a natural resinous or vitreous luster to it giving the crystals slight amount of sheen.


Phosphosiderite is a rare gem and is found particularly in Argentina and Chile. Besides these countries, the gemstones in reddish brown color are generally found attached to jet-black color barbosalite. These types of color stones are found in South Dakota, USA, Bull Moose mine and Custer County. Phosphosiderite that is available in hues of purple is mainly found attached to bluish purple botryoidal, dark violet tinsleyite botryoidal or a large rockbridgeite.

Stones that are found in botryoidal form are apt for making Phosphosiderite cabochons. Geologically the stone is supposed to be a variation result of the mineral triphyilte that is found in multifarious granite pegmatite. A research suggests that Phosphosiderite could also be a result of abstract components that are present in the soil.


This stone is perfect for jewelry making. It weighs about 3.5 to 4 on the Mohs scale of hardness. Although it is perfect for jewelry making, it has to be treated with paraffin and polished with some other materials to provide it better stability and shine. The stone has about 2/m prism and its diaphaneity is mostly translucent. Some Phosphosiderite stones may have opaque diaphaneity. It is procured in large quantities of massive rocks and toned down for commercial use.

Most Phosphosiderite stones display irregular fractures and distinct cleavage. The crystalline formation of the stone is tabular in form or sometimes is also found in reniform layer along with gristly formation. The stone beads are available in round, oval and elongated oval shapes in the market.


Although metaphysical properties of Phosphosiderite are lesser known the crystals in the stone are believed to possess certain healing properties. The shades of purple are suppose to aid in reducing anger. It also helps in calming down the heightened temperament of a person and brings about a feeling of relaxed and peacefulness. Some suggest Phosphosiderite has spiritual properties. It is believed to help heal problems related to the third eye chakra (Energy that is stored between our brows that link to spirituality). The third eye chakra is supposed to be associated with knowledge and perception.

Thus Phosphosiderite is a rare and beautiful gemstone and apart from its beauty the stone also possesses interesting properties. 


Rainbow Moonstone - A Multifaceted Gemstone

A rainbow displays one of the most vivid and beautiful colors nature has to offer. Rainbow moonstone is as spectacular as its name. It has the splendid silky-white sheen of the moon and has exceptional property that displays different rainbow like colors. Besides the color, the stone has always been associated with spirituality and believed to hold mystical qualities that have enchanted many for centuries. As a sparkling diamond is found in dark coalmines, a gleaming rainbow moonstone is found in the dark cooled magma of the earth.

How rainbow moonstone is created?

Moonstones are usually found in areas that are active in hydrothermic and volcanic activity. Moonstone is essentially called orthoclase or feldspar stone. The rock is available in two types, one that is combination of sodium and calcium and another that primarily contains the chemical potassium. Feldspar is a regular stone that is abundantly available around the globe. However, this stone is mixed with fuming thick magma and water and the birth process of moonstone begins. When the fiery liquid magma comes in contact with water it begins to cool down and the minerals muse together to form crystals inside the volcanic rock. These precious crystals then start to settle layer by layer. This activity takes millions of years and this process gives the rainbow moonstone its color and shine.

Characteristics of the rainbow moonstone

Compared to regular silky white moonstone, rainbow moonstone depicts more diaphaneity and hence is more transparent than regular moonstone. Apart from the general moonstone color, it has a distinct property that displays various colors like pink, grey, yellow, blue, purple and green thus, the name rainbow moonstone. Other characteristics of the stone are similar to regular moonstone. It weighs about six on the Mohs scale of hardness. Its specific gravity amounts to 2.55 to 2.63. The stone has a straight fracture with perfect cleavage and has pearly or vitreous luster.

As rainbow moonstone belongs to the silicate mineral family, it has a monoclinic crystal system. The crystal habit of the stone shows tabular form patterns that are mostly stretched out. This crystal habit is usually called Eudedral or Anhedral. Due to its crystal habit, the stone sometimes shows uniform patterns and sometimes it shows uneven designs.

Physical Properties

Rainbow moonstone is considered a feminine stone and hence is known to be extremely beneficial for women. It is believed to improve hormonal imbalances in women; it is useful during menstrual cycles and menopause. It is also known to aid in managing anger and keep stress levels under control. Besides, the stone is supposed to aid in reducing swelling, which occurs due to excess fluid accumulation in the body. In addition, it is considered to help the functioning of pituitary glands, cure obesity issues and digestion problems.

Mystical Properties

Rainbow moonstone is believed to inspire the inner well being of a person. In earlier days, mariners often wore moonstone as it was thought to protect the traveler when out in sea. The stone is known to spread harmony and peace in one’s life and is believed to aid strong bonding between family members.

Rainbow moonstone is a versatile gemstone and possesses several mystical and medical properties. In jewelry making, rainbow moonstone is a popular choice among numerous people.


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